First produced in 1939, the Lincoln Continental was launched in a rather unique way. Edsel Ford had the car designed and built for his own personal use on his spring vacation in Florida. A custom design was taken from the Lincoln Zephyr and it is said that it took Bob Gregorie less than an hour to produce the initial sketch. With clean lines and very little trim, the first Lincoln Continental is considered to be one of the most beautiful in the world.
When Edsel Ford was seen with his new automobile, several well off friends immediately showed interest in owning one. At that time Edsel shot a telegram back to headquarters stating that he coluld sell a thousand of them. Those first Continentals were hand built. A very shrewd advertising manuever by an even shrewder businessman.
The Lincoln Continental was in production from 1929 through 2002 and was considered from the first to be the flagship of the Lincoln line.
Though the Lincoln Continental saw various changes throughout the years, the sate eighties and nineties saw big changes for this vehicle as well. In 1988, the Lincoln Continental was the first United States made auto to be fitted with both driver and passenger side airbags. The 1988 Continental utilized a 3.8 L Essex V6 engine and a four speed AXOD-E automatic transmission.
By 1995 the Lincoln Continental would see its eith generation produced. This time it would include a 4.6 L Modular V8 with a four speed AX4N automatic transmission. Gone for 1995 was the V6, it had been upgraded to a DOHC Modular V8 engine.
The ninth and last generation of the Lincoln Continental to be produced was from 1998 through 2002. The engine was not upgraded this time, but many luxury features were added. Some of these included the “RESCU” package (remote Emergency Satellite Cellular Unit) similiar in nature to GM’s Onstar program. Sales lagged considerable for several years and the decision was made to cut the Continental and replace it with the Lincoln LS.
The Lincoln Blackwood was a foray into the new luxury truck market that Ford was interested in. The Black was produce in 2002 only and was assembly exclusively in Caycomo, Missouri in the United States.
The Blackwood was conceived and built to compete directly with Cadillacs Escalade EXT. Built on the same platform as the Ford F-150 crew cab, problems with the Blackwood were not immediately apparent and it seemed to be well received initially. It was in a newly developed class which was that of a full size luxury pick up truck and of course it had a four door crew cab truck style built on the Ford P Platform.
The engine that was used for the Black wood was a 5.4 Liter 300 horsepower V8 coupled with a four speed automatic. Problems cropped up at first when the truck was only offered with a black interior and a black exterior. Later problems seemed to include things such as no bed even though it was billed as a pick up truck. What had originally been the bed of the F150 was redone into a trunk with a pwer tonneau and carpeting. The outside of the bed had aluminum pinstripes over artificial black wood. To make things worse the truck only came in rear wheel drive. It seems as if in the attempt to make this a luxury truck, the designers forgot that it was indeed a truck. Most consumers were turned off because of the limited practical use that could be derived from the vehicle. This problem was not helped considering the extreme praticality that Cadillac had managed to fuse into the luxurious Cadillac.
Sales continued to plummet so badly that the plug was pulled on the Lincoln Blackwood after only 3,356 were produced. The truck was in production for just a short 15 months. However in this short time span, a special edition was created just for the 2001 Neiman Marcus spring catalog.
The Lincoln Aviator was a short lived attempt by Ford Motor Company to take another bite out of the luxury SUV market. Assembled in Hazelwood, Missouri in the United States, the Aviator entered the market for the 2003 model year and was discontinued in 2005.
Very similiar to its cousin the Lincoln Navigator, the Aviator was classed as a midsize port utility vehicle and was built on Ford Motor Company’s U platform. It was considered a four door SUV with front compartment engine and featured both rear wheel and four wheel drive.
The Aviator’s life span was quite short and this explains the single engine ever offered with the SUV. It was a 4.6 Liter DOHC Modular V8 engine coupled with a five speed automatic transmission.
Many of the Aviators problem’s seem to be related to the fact that Ford had already filled the market with other SUV’s. Though a nice automobile to be sure, the main problem the Aviator had was that it had no way of standing out from the crowd unless you consider the price. The base unit started at a little over $39,000 and ranged to $42,000 for the all wheel drive version. It was very similiar ain looks to the Ford Explorer, so much so that consumers had troubled differentiating between the two if they were not told in advance which one was which. Another problem it faced was it’s similar pricing to the larger and already well liked Ford Expedition.
With so many similiar types on the market already and sales sagging heavily, Ford made an abrupt decision to end production of the Lincoln Aviator in August of 2005. Though Ford had planned to bring the Aviator back sometime in 2007 with significant body style changes, those plans were eventually scraped as well. Instead Ford made the decision to bring in a new mid size crossover SUV, the Lincoln MKX.
The Cadillac XLR is considered a luxury roadster. It is produced by the Cadillac division of General Motors. Production on the new series began in 2003 for the 2004 model year and the car was assembled exclusively in Bowling Green, Kentucky in the United States. As a luxury roadster, Cadillac has based the XLR on the same platform used for the Chevrolet Corvette, the Y body platform. However, Cadillac chose a different engine to place in the XLR. The 4.6 L Northstar V8 engine was the first used in the XLR.
It is a two door coupe convertible and features a six speed automatick transmission. This luxury car is meant to attract a younger affluent consumer group and offers as standard many of the luxury one would expect to find in a luxury vehicle. Some of these luxuries include heated and coolded leather seats, wood interior trim, remote keyless access, 18 inch alloy wheels, side airbags, navigation, audio and dvd system which shares a seven inch dashboard screen.
Beginning in 2006 and running at least through 2009, Cadillac added another stablemate to the XLR that of the Cadillac XLR-V. The XLR-V has a different engine than the XLR. The one utilized for the XLR-V is the same one as in the Cadillac STS-V. It is a supercharged Northstar V8 engine that can to from 0 to 60MPH in 4.7 seconds. The engine that supplies this power produceds 443 horse power. The supercharger and the four intercoolers ar built directly into the intake manifold coupled with a six speed automatic transmission. Brakes taken from the Z51 Chevrolet Corvette are also utilized as are the 19 inch wheels.
The public received its first glimpse of the new car when it was featured in a commericial during the Superbowl in 2005. The base price for this car was $98,000 when it was first introduced, with the sticker price rising to over $101,000 by the year 2008. Production for the XLR ended in early 2009.
The Cadillac STS is a direct descendant of one of Cadillac’s premier luxury vehicles, the Cadillac Seville. The STS, which stands for Seville Touring Sedan became its own model line in 2005. It is produced by the Cadillac division of General Motors. Assembly of the STS occurs in Lansing, Michigan in the United States. Another assembly plant operates in Shanghai, China.
There are two versions of the midsize luxury vehicle. The STS is more performance oriented than its sister, the Cadillac SLS, which is more luxury oriented. The SLS actually stands for Seville Luxury Sedan.
Since its inception in 2005, the STS and SLS are considered by Cadillac to be the headliners in the Cadillac line up. When the L37 Northstar V8 engine was introduced in 2006, the STS and the SLS both received these engines.
Both are obviously classed as luxury vehicles and both are styled on in as four door sedans.
Though the earlier Cadillac Seville had front wheel drive, this was retired along with the Seville and Cadillac reverted to rear wheel drive on both the STS and the SLS. All wheel drive is also offered. The STS is the first in the Cadillac division to receive the all wheel drive system. The STS also has the distinction of having the Magnetic Ride Control suspension.
Beginning in 2007, Cadillac made another upgrade to the STS engines and the SLS engines. Both vehicles are offered with a 3.6 L High Feature LY7 V6 that has 255 horsepower and the larger 4.6 L Northstar LH2 V8 engine which has 320 horsepower.
One of Cadillac’s goals for the STS was for the vehicle to be slightly more compact than the Seville in overall length while at the same time increasing the interior room. The SLS was stretched slightly though as it was felt that some loyal Seville customers would not be comfortable with the overall shorter length of the SLS.
The Cadillac SXR is produced by General Motors for the Cadillac line. This vehicle is a mid size luxury crossover sport utility vehicle, assemble at the Lansing Grand River Plant in Lansing, Michigan in the United States. The first generation of the SUV was built on the GM Sigma platform utilizing a five door body style. The first engines used in the SXR included a 3.6 L High-Feature V6 engine and the 4.6 L Cadillac Northstar V8 engine.
Both engines came with either a five speed 5L40-E automatic transmisson or a six speed transmission. Rear wheel drive and four wheel drive were offered as well with these engines. Intended as a luxury automobile, the SXR included leather interior, side curtain airbags, heated front seats, dvd player, sunroof, navigation system and power third row seats. Although standard with the V8 engine, these were options for the V6.
No major changes were made for the 2006 models though in 2007 some upgrades were made. These upgrades mainly pertained to the interior of the vehicle with more luxurious detailing being the only major change. For 2007 again no major changes were made although a sport trim package was included for the 2007 this mainly dealt with the superficial appearance of the vehicle rather than major design changes. The largest of this would be an addition of larger wheels and less chrome on the body.
The first generation of the Cadillac SRX is scheduled to remain in production through 2009. A redesigned second generation is slated to begin production for the 2010 model year. Though still called the Cadillac SRX, it is known in other places as the Cadillac Provoq. The location of assembly of the automobile will change as well. Cadillac will now assembled this vehicle at an assembly plant in Ramos Arizpe, Mexico. The second generation will feature both a 2.8 L Turbo V6 and a 3.0 L VVT E85 V6 Direct-injection engine.
General Motors was the manufacturer of the luxury vehicle, the Cadillac Seville. Beginning in 1956 This automobile was one of the top cars in the Cadillac division. A luxury vehicle in all ways, it ranked second in line to the Cadillac Eldorado. Form 1956 through 1960 the cor was offered as a two door hardtop coupe and and four door sedan. The name Seville was orginally used to denote a particular version of the Eldorado called the The Cadillac Eldorado Seville.
In 1975, the Cadillac Seville became its own model. These first generation Seville’s were assembled in Detroit, Michigan. The Seville’s of the seventies featured two engines, the 350 cu in Oldsmobile V8 engine and the 350 cu in Oldsmobile diesel V8 engine.
By 1980 assembly of the automobile had been moved to Linden, New Jersey. It was at this time that the Cadillac Seville would be changed to the 114 inch wheelbase k0body platform. For 1980 through 1981 the engine for the Seville would be a 6.0 L V8. Another change to the Seville for 1981 would be the addition of the memory seat. This option was something of particular interest to consumers. For 1982, Cadillac would add heated outside rearview mirrors with the rear defogger option.
The nineteen nineties would see many changes for the Seville as Cadillac redesigned the body style to be more in line with European influences. The Seville Touring Sedan was immensely popular and won the Motor Trend magazines Car of the Year award for 1992. There would be two sub models for the Seville. One was the Seville Luxury Sedan, Cadillac SLS for short, and included with this vehicle was the 4.9 Liter HT-4900 V8 engine which was upgraded to a LD* Northstar V8 for 1994. The second of these submodels would be the Seville Touring Sedan or Cadillac STS as it was known. This model began with a 4.9 Liter HT-4900 in 1992. This engine was upgraded to a L37 Northstar in 1993.
The first time the name Fleetwood was used in relation to a Cadillac was in 1927. The Cadillac Fleetwood as a separate model of its own came into being in 1946. The Fleetwood would remain one of Cadillac’s premier cars until production of the vehicle was halted in 1999.
One of the largest cars produced by Cadillac, the Fleetwood of 1971 would be built on the Dbody platform that it shared with the Deville. A very large car even for that time, the wheelbase of the Fleetwood was 130 inches. Of course, a massive car needs a massive engine and that is just what the Fleetwood had. The first was a 472 cu in 7.7 Liter engine which grew into a 500 cu in 8.2 Liter engine. These huge engines were the gas guzzlers that everyone remembers from the seventies.
1977 would see the introduction of the Fleetwood Brougham, which included rear wheel drive for the remainder of the seventies and into the eighties. This time period saw a reduction in the overall mass of the General Motors cars and the Fleetwood sed was switched over to a C body platform. Two new engines were also new in the Fleetwoods. First was the Cadillack 425 L33 V8 and an optional Oldsmobile diesel 350 V8 was introduced in 1979.
New body styles were introduced for the late eighties and these included a four door sedan, a two door coupe and a four door limousine. As the end of the twentieth century approached and the nineties were ushered in, the Fleetwood would switch from a front wheel drive C Body it had been on to a new rear wheel drive D body. Several more engine changes were included at this time as well. For 1993 it was a 5.7 L L05 V8 engine and for 1994-1995 it was a 5.7 L Lt1 V8 engine. Though the Fleetwood had been a popular model for many years, sales eventually declined and 1999 would be the last year for the Fleetwood in the GM lineup.
The Cadillac Escalade is the first foray by Cadillac into the luxury SUV market. The automobile was first produced in 1999 in Arlington, Texas in the United States. However the vehicle was orginally produced in Silao, Mexico. Both the Escalade and the Escalade EXT pickup were assembled in Mexico.
Because of General Motors need to produce a luxury SUV quickly to compete with the Lincoln Navigator, the Escalade took only 10 months to go from conception to production. This quick turnaround showed in sales. The Escalade was really only a revamped GMC Denali and the public seemed to know it. That first Escalade had only five passenger seating, wheels borrowed straight from the GMC Denali with only the GMC logos on the center cap changed out with the Cadillac crest and the engine was the same as well. The first Cadillac Escalade engine was a 5.7 L Vortec 5700 V8 and was a poor competitor when compared to the powerful Lincoln Navigator engine with which it was expected to compete.
Oddly enough, Cadillac did not come out with a 2001 model Escalade, the years jump from 2000 straight to 2002. For 2002 however, Cadillac did get smarter and things started to turn around for the Escalade. It came with a rear wheel drive and an all wheel drive and the engine was upgraded as well. This time it was given a Vortec 6.0 L V8 engine and this time around could seat up to eight people. As the years progressed more luxury features were added. It now came with a four wheel stabilitrak control system and also with power adjustable pedals. Next came 20 inch chrome wheels and Satellite Radio. Other neat features include both heated and cooled cup holders, a moon roof and three DVD screens for passenger viewing comfort. For 2002 through 2006 a 6.0 H0 Vortec V8 engine was added as well.
The Cadillac Eldorado has been around for quite along time. Though production ended on the vehicle in 2002, the model was produced for nearly 50 years, starting in 1953. In fact, the Eldorado currently holds the title for being the longest running American personal luxury. For three years, from 1999 until production halted in 2002, it was the only personal luxury car being produced.
The name for the vehicle came about through a competition won by a secretary within the company’s merchandising department. Her name was Mary-Ann Zukosky Marini. The car was intended to be a special show car as a limited edition convertible.
As can be expected with long running production models, the Cadillac Eldorado underwent major design changes as it cruised through the 50′s, 60′s and 70′s. Undergoing various options and introducing new innovations. In 1956, a two door hard top coupe was introduced. It had tagged on names such as the Eldorado Brougham and the Eldorado Seville also.
At the end of the seventies, the Eldorado was once again redesigned and smaller engines were introduced to improve fuel mileage. These included the 350 cu in 5.7 liter engine and the 368 cu in 6.0 Liter engine. In the nineties, a new Cadillac Eldorado Touring Coupe was added to the line up. The eighth and final generation of the Cadillac Eldorado began in 1992 and ran for the next two years. This was reduced to a two door coupe only and included two engines. The first was a 4.9 L L26 V8 engine that was included from 1992 to 1993. The final engine to be placed into the Eldorado would be the 4.6 L Northstar V8 engine. The transmissions for the eighth generation included the four speed 4T60-E automatic transmission and the four speed 4T80-E automatic transmission. Though sales were good throughout the 90′s, the Eldorado never again saw the record sales it had acheived in the past. Finally, General Motors made the announcement that 2002 would be the final production year for the historic Cadillac Eldorado.
The Cadillac DTS is a luxury automobile produced by General Motors. As with all Cadillac’s, the DTS is a high end luxury automobile meant to ensure comfort for both the driver and passengers.
DTS stands for Deville Touring Sedan and takes the place of the Cadillac Deville. There are two versions of this car, the luxury model which has a starting price of $41,990 and the performance model who’s starting price is $50,490.
The Cadillac DTS has the distinction of being the best selling luxury car on the market in the United States. Some of its high end features include power rear window sunshades and heated and massaging rear passenger seats. Though the luxury Cadillac Deville always carried seating for 6 passengers as standard, this was stepped down to five, although the 6 passenger seating capacity is still optional.
The Cadillac DTS is buitl at the General Motors Detroit Hamtramck Assembly factor in Hamtramck, Michigan. At the time it was introduced in 2006, the Cadillac DTS was the largest luxury sedan built by General Motors.
The Cadillac DTS engineis a 32V Northstar V8 engine, and obviously this luxury automobile comes with an automatic transmission. It is loaded with luxury features which include eight airbags, xenon high power headlights, leather seating and power seats all as standard features. For options, one can choose a navigation system, magnetic ride control, a moon roof, chrome wheels, heated/cooled seats and a heated steering wheel is also available as an option. To get a fully loaded Cadillac DTS, one can expect to pay somewhere in the neighborhood of $55,000 to $57,000.
The automobile has had and continues to have prestigous users. The car was actually unveiled for the first time as the presidential limousine at George W. Bush’s second inauguration. When President Barak Obama was sworn into the office on January 20, 2009, he took his first ride as president in a newly appointed Cadillac DTS limousine.
Cadillac has used the name Deville on many of its luxury vehicles however it became its own model in 1965. When the fleetwood was axed from Cadillac’s lineup, the Deville became the largest sedan in the Cadillac line up.
From 1965 through 1970 The Devile was available as a two door hardtop, a twod door convertible, a four door hardtop and a foordoor sedan. It utilized two engine types: a 429 cubic in V8 engine and 472 cubic inch V8 engine. Both of these early engines came with a three speed automatic transmission.
The basic body style of the Deville was redesigned in 1971 but the engine would remain unchanged for the time being. In 1975, the Deville would receive a new engine. The 472 would be replaced with a 210 hp 500 V8 engine. This was the same year that the Air Cushion Restraint System would be introduced. Though the air cushion name is unusual, most would recognize this system by its more modern name – air bags. Though common place today, in 1975, this was used as a unique selling point for the Cadillac Deville. Unfortunately the air bag system was still in its infancy and proved to bulky and expensive and was abandoned in 1976.
Of course Styles would change again and the next generation of Deville was no exception. This generation would range from 1977 to 1985. There would be only one body style, the four door sedan but there would be five different engines including a diesel. The diesel engine for these years would be a 5.7 Liter diesel V8 engine that would be included from 1978 through 1985.
The next generation change for the Deville would occur from 1989 through 1993. The body style would remain a four door sedan. There would be two engine selections. These would include a 4.5 Liter V8 engine and a 4.9 Liter L26 V8. Both of these engines would be offered with a four speed automatic transmission.
Though the Cadillac Deville was a popular car throughout its history, redesigns took it only so far and the actual Deville was discontinued in 2005.